Thursday, 26 February 2015

The United Nations and Amnesty International have warned that Burma is backsliding on its commitment to human rights.

In it annual report, Amnesty said the human rights situation in the country has “stalled” while in a UN statement, High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said on Wednesday that Burma “seems headed in the wrong direction and needs urgently to get back on track”.

Criticism comes at a time when thousands of people have recently been displaced during conflict in the Kokang region of northeastern Shan State and during a period of simmering tensions between Muslims and Buddhists in the country following pogroms targeting the Rohingya community in Arakan State.

Over the past year, human rights abuses saw political exclusion of the disenfranchised Rohingyas, the shooting of protestor Khin Win at the Latpadaung mine, and the manslaughter of freelance journalist Par Gyi while in Burmese army custody.

“The international community has seen the transition in Myanmar [Burma] as a story of promise and hope, but recent developments are calling into question the direction of that reform, and even threatening to set it back,” Zeid said.

He warned that the denial of Rohingyas’ right to self-identification “should sound a clear warning bell” to the international community, and called for “a new democratic Myanmar [to be] built on the strength of its diversity.”

Supporting the decentralisation of military governance, he said thew ongoing civil conflicts in the country must stop, otherwise an impasse will be “tragic for Myanmar’s peace process”. The UN human rights chief added that “ensuring accountability for the military will be a key test for the transition.”

A day earlier, Amnesty International Secretary-General Salil Shetty noted: “This has been a devastating year for those seeking to stand up for human rights and for those caught up in the suffering of war zones.”

Shetty said that it is “essential to confront violations against civilians, and to bring to justice those responsible”, adding that it is imperative to have “true accountability and justice” when rules to protect civilians are violated.

“One obvious and practical step is waiting to be taken: Amnesty International has welcomed the proposal, now backed by around 40 governments, for the UN Security Council to adopt a code of conduct agreeing to voluntarily refrain from using the veto in a way which would block Security Council action in situations of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.” she said.

The Burmese military has stood accused on several occasions of violations of human rights that may constitute war crimes.

Monday, 23 February 2015

More Rohingya Muslims are on the run from after three houses burned down from an arson attack. This is the third such incident in less than a fortnight.

On Friday, as the jumma prayers were taking place at Hati para, Maungdaw North, there was a loud burning noise. Witnesses say that as soon as the congregation finished, they rushed to the spot finding that a fire was burning the home of Ladu, s/o Abdur Shukkur.

Within moments, the fire spread to the adjoining homes of his brothers – – Habib Ullah and Solim Ullah.

Locals allege the Buddhist nationalist group 969 is behind the arson attack.

When the authorities heard of the incident, they said that the three brothers had masterminded the arson to give Buddhist nationalist groups a bad name.

Earlier on February 8, eight Rohingya houses burned down at Garaita Beel, Maundaw North. Witnesses say there was the presence of an inflammable chemical in the stove of the house where the fire originated and the presence of suspicious Rakhine nationalists in the neighbourhood during day time.

The government blamed Rohingya Muslims for setting their own houses on fire to discredit Buddhist nationalists.

Then on February 12, four houses burned down at Saheb para, Maungdaw South in a similar incident. Once again the authorities blamed the victims for trying to discredit Buddhist nationalists. They are currently in hiding to evade arrest.

BGP men have heavily assaulted five Rohingya Muslims, including four children last Sunday, according to our correspondent.

At around 10 pm, seven soldiers of the 550 battalion came to Koodan Kauk, Rathidaung under the influence of alcohol. There they found a Rohingya night guard Sabbir Ahmed (s/o Izhar Miah) wrapped in blankets in the company of his four children.

The BGP then told him why he is dozing in a blanket and playing with his children when he should be on alert duty. They then started assaulting all of them including the children.

They then took two chickens from the household leaving the Rohingyas bleeding on the ground.

Rohingya night guards are chosen arbitrarily by a local tabbe in coordination with authorities.

A Rohingya woman was raped by BGP personal as she attempted to cross over to Burma from Bangladesh on Friday.

Our local correspondent says that two young religious scholars (maulavis) were taking the women to her home to Rathidaung from Shaplapur in Bangladesh for the census.

As they began their journey from Bangladesh, the boatmen kept all their money and belongings before dumping them near barbed wires on the Burmese border.

Then as they tried to cross the barbed wire, a BGP patrol intercepted them and asked them to halt. At this point, the maulavis panicked and ran leaving the woman behind.

The woman was then raped and assaulted by the BGP men.

BGP later handed the woman to a Rohingya Muslim settlement at Nagpura, Maungdaw.

Sunday, 22 February 2015

Rohingya Demonstration World-Wide on March 11, 2015 .

Please join this kind of demonstration around the world against discrimination,human rights violation , basic rights, voting rights, citizenship rights and much more by the illegal , barbaric Burmese military regime , their allies the terrorist group of RNDP Bengali Mogh group and their supporter monkeys much more...

WORLD WIDE DEMONSTRATION :

1. PHYSICAL DEMONSTRATION 

It is refers to those who able to demonstrate physically in front of the Embassy, UN, Parliament, or Court etc. 

2. Internet Demonstration 

It is refers to those unable to demonstrate physically. Internet demonstration could by done by Middle East countries, Thailand and all other countries.

This demonstration could be implemented by sending emails to Embassy, Parliamentary, ICJ, UN, etc. Moreover, the letters or articles of demanding, could be shared in Facebook, Twitter, etc. 

Furthermore, we can like each others status or demands to promote it for the viewer. 

Most importantly, we have to like the Facebook page and official website's of the physical demonstration'sorganizations to promote the demands we are seeking Globally. 

PLEASE SHARE THIS EVERY WHERE AND PLEASE CAMPAIGN THIS IN THE AREAS YOU ARE LIVING IN.


Friday, 20 February 2015

Myanmar’s backsliding on human rights reforms – only a few months before the general elections – underscores the necessity of the UN Human Tights Council to adopt a strong resolution on the situation of human rights in the country and to extend their mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, according to Amnesty International on February 18. 

The international rights group has just issued a written statement to be presented at the 28th session of the UN Human Rights Council to be held from March 2 to 27 in New York. 

The NGO says Human Rights Council resolutions on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and the mandate of the Special Rapporteur have been critical to demonstrating the international community’s support for human rights in Myanmar and have made a positive contribution towards improving the human rights situation there. 

Amnesty says continued strong engagement by the HRC is warranted as the human rights situation in the country remains serious. Myanmar is failing to make progress in several important areas and has slid back worryingly in others, just a few months before general elections. It is crucial that international scrutiny continues at such a critical juncture in the country’s history. 

The following is an overview of Amnesty International’s concerns on the human rights situation and recommendations for the HRC’s consideration, provided in full. 

In addition to this statement, the organization has submitted to the UN Human Rights Council session a written statement with concerns and recommendations relating to protection of people from abuses linked to extractive projects in Myanmar. 

Amnesty International’s key points 

Increased restrictions on freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly 

Since the last HRC resolution on Myanmar, Amnesty International has documented an increase in the number of prisoners of conscience in the country, in addition to an alarming rise in the harassment, arrest and detention of individuals who are simply exercising their rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. These include human rights defenders, political activists, journalists, land activists, and farmers. 

Furthermore, the government has not taken any effective steps to repeal or amend laws that violate the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly or are used to punish the exercise of these rights. This creates an environment in which human rights defenders and journalists fear reprisals, which undermines their ability to carry out their legitimate work. 

Amnesty International also continues to receive reports of other violations within the criminal justice system, including torture and other ill-treatment and unfair trials. 

Crisis in Rakhine State 

The situation of the Rohingya has continued to deteriorate. In Rakhine state, what started as a humanitarian emergency has increasingly become an entrenched human rights crisis. 

The dire humanitarian situation of an estimated 139,000 displaced people in Rakhine State – mostly Rohingya – worsened following the expulsion of some humanitarian organizations in February and March 2014, and the withdrawal of others following attacks against them in March. Although access has resumed for some organizations, humanitarian assistance has not returned to the levels prior to the attacks. 

The situation in Rakhine state is fragile, and security concerns for people there are high. The Rohingya remain deprived of nationality under the 1982 Citizenship Act, and as a result they have continued to face restrictions on their freedom of movement, with repercussions for their access to livelihoods. Amnesty International is particularly concerned about the proposed Rakhine State Action Plan, a leaked copy of which looks set to further entrench discrimination against the Rohingya. Furthermore, the government has not made the plan publically available – or consulted with affected communities. 

The dire humanitarian situation, coupled with pervasive discrimination, increasing advocacy of hatred and threats of further restrictions, has pushed growing numbers of people to leave the Myanmar in recent months. In 2014 alone, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated 53,000 people left the Bay of Bengal by boat. Between October and December, UNHCR recorded a 37 per cent increase in the number of people departing compared to the previous year. 

Rising religious intolerance 

Amnesty International is particularly concerned about the package of laws aimed at “protecting race and religion”, which are currently under consideration by the Parliament. The four laws – the Religious Conversion Bill, the Population Control Bill, the Myanmar Buddhist Women’s Special Marriage Bill and the Monogamy Bill – contain many aspects that do not comply with international human rights law and standards, including Myanmar’s legal obligations as a state party to the UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Many provisions in these four laws discriminate on multiple grounds, including gender, religion and marital status.

Amnesty International is concerned that the passage of these four laws will not only result in increased discrimination, it could further heighten existing tensions between religious groups. We are deeply concerned about the continued rise in religious intolerance and hardline nationalist attitudes. The government has failed to speak out against the growing use of advocacy of hatred to incite discrimination, hostility and violence. 

We share the condemnation by the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights of the deeply offensive and sexist comments made against the Special Rapporteur at the end of her visit to Myanmar. We note that others who speak out against hardline religious and nationalist views have also faced retaliation from state and non-state actors, including threats, harassment and even possible arrest. 

For example, writer Htin Lin Oo is currently in detention and facing imprisonment for making a speech criticizing the use of religion to promote discriminatory views. He faces up to three years in prison.

Failure to address human rights violations and abuses, including discrimination against Rohingya, and to address growing hardline nationalist attitudes and advocacy of hatred is a recipe for further violence.

Human rights violations and abuses in conflict areas

The situation in Myanmar’s ethnic minority areas also deteriorated in 2014, with fighting in Northern Shan State and Kachin State now in its fourth year. Worryingly, violence appears to have intensified since the beginning of 2015, displacing parts of the civilian population.

Violations of international humanitarian and human rights law continue, with ongoing reports of unlawful killings and torture and other ill-treatment, including rape and other crimes of sexual violence – in particular by the Myanmar security forces. Amnesty International also receives reports of human rights abuses by armed groups aligned with certain ethnic groups. However, impunity persists for such violations and abuses, with perpetrators rarely, if ever, brought to justice.

Around 98,000 people remain displaced in Kachin and Northern Shan States. However, the Myanmar government continues to deny full and sustained access for humanitarian actors to displaced communities, particularly those displaced in Kachin Independence Army-controlled areas.

Impunity

Immunity from prosecution for past violations by the security forces and other government officials remains codified in Article 445 of the 2008 Constitution, meaning that perpetrators of both current and past human rights violations continue to enjoy impunity. As a result, victims of both past and current human rights violations and their families have continued to be denied truth, justice, compensation and any other form of reparation.

Need for the prompt opening of an OHCHR Country Office

Despite commitments from the Myanmar government, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has not yet been able to establish an office in the country. The establishment of an OHCHR office, with a full protection and promotion mandate and access to all areas of the country, is crucial to ensure monitoring of and reporting on the human rights situation in the country. While Amnesty International notes that there are several OHCHR staff able to work in Myanmar, the organization is concerned that they do not have full and sustained access to the country. This not only seriously impedes their ability to undertake their work, it raises serious questions about the extent to which the Myanmar government is co-operating with OHCHR.

Recommendations

Amnesty International recommends that the HRC extend the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and urge the government to co-operate fully with the Special Rapporteur and other Special Procedures.

Further, Amnesty International recommends that the HRC, its members and observer States urge the Government of Myanmar to:

Release immediately and unconditionally all prisoners of conscience and drop charges against those currently not detained, but who are facing imprisonment simply for the peaceful exercise of their human rights;

Ensure human rights defenders and journalists can carry out their legitimate work without fear of reprisal;

End all discrimination in law, policy and practice against ethnic and religious minorities, and ensure Rohingya have equal access to citizenship rights;

Ensure that humanitarian aid organizations have full and unfettered access to all displaced persons throughout the country;

Immediately put an end to violations of international human rights law – including rape and other crimes of sexual violence – especially against members of ethnic minority groups;

Ensure all those who are responsible for human rights violations and abuses – including those with command responsibility – are brought to justice in fair proceedings, without the imposition of the death penalty, and that victims can access truth, justice and full and effective reparation;

Ratify and effectively implement international human rights treaties including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;

Engage constructively in the Universal Periodic Review when Myanmar is reviewed in late 2015; and Facilitate the establishment of an office of the OHCHR able to operate throughout Myanmar with a full promotion and protection mandate.